@techreport {1411,
title = {New Robust ScaLAPACK Routine for Computing the QR Factorization with Column Pivoting},
journal = {LAPACK Working Note},
number = {LAWN 296, ICL-UT-19-14},
year = {2019},
month = {2019-10},
publisher = {University of Tennessee},
abstract = {In this note we describe two modifications of the ScaLAPACK subroutines PxGEQPF for computing the QR factorization with the Businger-Golub column pivoting. First, we resolve a subtle numerical instability in the same way as we have done it for the LAPACK subroutines xGEQPF, xGEQP3 in 2006. [LAPACK Working Note 176 (2006); ACM Trans. Math. Softw. 2008]. The problem originates in the first release of LINPACK in the 1970{\textquoteright}s : due to severe cancellations in the down-dating of partial column norms, the pivoting procedure may be in the dark completely about the true norms of the pivot column candidates. This may cause miss-pivoting, and as a result loss of the important rank revealing structure of the computed triangular factor, with severe consequences on other solvers that rely on the rank revealing pivoting. The instability is so subtle that e.g. inserting a WRITE statement or changing the process topology can drastically change the result. Secondly, we also correct a programming error in the complex subroutines PCGEQPF, PZGEQPF, which also causes wrong pivoting because of erroneous use of PSCNRM2, PDZNRM2 for the explicit norm computation.},
author = {Zvonimir Bujanovic and Zlatko Drmac}
}